In order to be fit, we need to know what defines it, the different types of fitness, how to achieve it and what we can do to keep it that way. Well, there are various definitions of fitness, but let’s start with what it actually means. “Fitness” is an overall state of well being and physical health and, more importantly, the capacity to do different physical activities and parts of sports. Physical fitness is usually achieved through regular moderate-vigorous activity, proper nutrition and enough rest. The key to achieving and maintaining your ideal fitness level is a daily activity.
Exercise is the process by which the body increases its ability to use oxygen and generate energy. Exercise is normally performed for either the building of strength or improving flexibility or both. The type of exercise you perform will determine your level of fitness. Strength training exercises build muscle tissue, which increases your stamina, while flexibility exercises to improve the ability of your joints to move independently and improve your heart rate and respiratory efficiency.
The next step to good health-related fitness is to engage in regular physical activity. The goal of fitness is to increase your ability to be active. To get the most out of your fitness activities, you should plan your schedule around your activities so that you are doing the right kinds of things to promote your health-related fitness. One of the six parts of fitness, cardiovascular conditioning, requires a great deal of effort and time.
Cardiovascular conditioning is measured using various tests used in diagnosis and treatment of heart disease. These tests include resting heart rate, spirometry, high-intensity exercise test (HIT), and exercise testing. Based on the results of the tests, the physician can determine if you have a high risk for cardiovascular disease, or if you are at a reduced risk. A good fitness program includes a balance of aerobic exercise and strength training.
A muscle group is usually divided into specific groups. Groupings of muscles or muscle groups form functional units that are essential for movement, such as the limbs, hips, and back. These groups are often broken down into types: static, dynamic, and functional. Static exercises can be performed to improve endurance and muscular strength, while dynamic exercises are used to increase speed and agility. Functional exercises include weight training and stretching; they improve body composition and cardiovascular endurance.
Finally, muscular efficiency, or strength, is measured using standardized tests of muscular power, such as the bench press, dead lift, and squat. Poor muscular power can directly affect one’s ability to move efficiently. Poorly developed leg muscles, for instance, may make it difficult to walk, get onto a bicycle, or climb stairs. This is why it is important to include the development of your leg muscles in your fitness plan.